It is a known fact that dogs can and do become sick just like you do. This means that they need all proper treatment and care that in order to live a long healthy life.
Needless to say that it is extremely heart wrenching and frustrating to see your dog suffer with no definite way of knowing how to help it.
Inflammation of large intestines
One of the most common stomach problems in dogs is that of inflammation of the large intestines.
As the large intestines are important in the balancing and absorption of nutrients, it goes without say that interruption of its proper function leads to trouble.
Ideally the inflammation is caused by parasites or certain bacteria due to defect in function of the immune system. Needless to say however sometimes the allergic reaction that comes by is simply caused by an exaggerated reaction to dietary changes in your dog’s diet
The symptoms of inflammation of the large intestines are quite easy to pinpoint with the most obvious one being a strain in defecating. This is usually accompanied by sassing of mucus laden stool which is sometimes blood coated or passing of small volume in amount of feces that has a liquid like consistency.
Most common treatment of dealing with this stomach problem in dog is done by simply withholding food to rest the dogs digestive system. Followed by this is the introduction of certain types of protein for healing period like eating of lamb, duck, venison with purposeful addition of fiber in the diet.
In extreme cases the use of anti-inflammatory and anti- diarrhea medication is used till the problem seizes
One of the most dangerous stomach problems in dogs that you will ever come across in is canine parvovirus; a potentially fatal disease that affects puppies and unvaccinated adult dogs.
Ideally this virus affects your dogs through contaminated areas, through direct contact of other infected dogs and fecal matter of recovered dogs that at times acts like carriers.
Ideally what this virus does is that it replicates in your dog’s bloodstream affecting vital organs targeting the bone marrow, blood cell producing tissue and small intestines lining. This causes symptoms such as sudden loss of appetite, lethargy, fever, vomiting and severe diarrhea cases
Treatment of Canine Parvovirus
Unfortunately you will be shocked that even with the advanced progression in medication treating canines, there is still no specific treatment for this and all you can give is supportive care to your pet.
Ideally certain things that aid is the use ensuring that your dog ingests oral electrolyte solution to replace sodium and potassium lost.
Vomiting is also controlled with the use of prescription medicine while severely dehydrated breeds are given intravenous fluids. As a follow up, bland food diets such as rice and cottage cheese are adapted for up to 1 week afterwards.
As expected, constipation makes it to the list of common stomach problems in dogs. As with humans, the longer the feces stays in the colon, the harder it becomes and the harder it becomes to pass it out.
In most cases constipation is caused by obstruction inside the colon that is normally caused by hair or bone fragments. Sometimes however this is largely caused by you failing to remember to give your dog sufficient drinking water.
Needless to say however long term constipation usually signifies more serious issues like tumors, broken pelvis and enlarged prostrate that could be blocking the pathway.
The most obvious sign of constipation in dogs that knocks you down is the foul smelling ribbon like feces.
Other symptoms that signify that constipation is the problem includes lethargy, depression, appetite loss, abdominal discomfort, vomiting and a veterinarian confirmation of retention of fecal matter by feeling the abdomen
Giving your dog plenty of water is usually the easiest way to deal with this stomach problem in dogs especially because it can never really have too much water.
Mild constipation is usually treated with a simple switch to a high fiber diet that is couple with the use of prescribed appropriate laxatives. Severe constipation on the other hand is dealt with by the physical removal of retained fecal matter by the veterinarian with enemas or using various manual extraction methods
Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)
Gastritis which is basically the overall Inflammation of the stomach is usually caused by something that your dog has eaten that has caused injury to the stomach lining. Fortunately pinpointing this stomach problem in dog is usually easy even in acute cases as evidence of what the dog ate is usually in its vomit.
As mentioned, your dog will vomit to indicate that it is suffering some sort of inflammation. This vomit however usually has bile, froth, and blood and digested like food particles in it. This is usually accompanied by the dog displaying a praying position with the hindquarters raised and forelegs close to the ground. Followed by this is the excessive thirst followed by vomiting of the water hence dehydration, weight loss, lethargy and overall weakness will be seen
Ideally treating this stomach problem in its mild form is as easy as it gets as all you have to do is withhold whatever caused it in the first place followed by mild fasting
Finally in looking at the most common stomach problems in dogs, bloating comes to play. Unknown to many dog owners this is a life threatening emergency as it is caused by severe twisting of the stomach usually along its axis that leads to accumulation of gas in the stomach with little or no fluids in the stomach.
Unfortunately most dog owners are guilty of causing bloating in their dogs as its caused by ingesting of large meals followed by intense exercise immediately after
Fortunately bloating has one of the easiest symptoms indicator which includes; apparent stomach discomfort, repeated dry retching, rapid breathing, pain, swelling, restlessness, rapid and weak pulse, signs of shock and pale mucous membrane
Treatment of bloating includes stabilizing the dog and decompressing the stomach. The use of Intravenous fluid is applied to deal with the shock that it might be experiencing that relieves the pressure in stomach immediately.
In acute cases a veterinarian passes a tube from mouth to stomach further relieving the pressure and removing the excess food through suction and gravity. Extremely a case surgery is needed to reposition the stomach and the spleen where by food is withheld for up to 48 hours afterwards.